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Library Science

Earnings Potential

According to, the lowest 10 percent earned less than $28,930, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $70,200.

Facts at a glance

  • A master’s degree in library science is usually required for a job in library science; special librarians may need an additional graduate or professional degree.
  • A large number of retirements are expected to create job openings in the field in the next 10 years.
  • As time goes on, more and more librarians are using information technology to do research and help patrons of the library with whatever they need in terms of information.

Summary of what this career entails

One of the fundamental duties of someone in the library science fields is to help library patrons find information. Another fundamental part of the job is organizing (ex: what book belongs in what category). People in the profession have to keep up to date with trends that are related to the library fields. Right now the field of library science has changed because of the emergence of information technology. Librarians are constantly trying to update themselves and in turn their libraries by looking into how the Internet and other research tools can make their library better. In the 20th century, a library is the place where you will most likely find the best, most up to date technology then any other place of research and/or learning. Someone in the field should know database management, content representation, distributed computing, collection development, cataloging and classification.

Examples and or details of work

When you are talking about the advances in library science in the last few years a perfect example of that is podcasting in education. If there is podcasting in education, it stands to reason that podcasts will become sources for students in libraries and in that case people in the library science field have to know podcasts, how they work and where students can find them. Someone who is involved in library science wrote a blog about podcasting in general.

Degrees that lead to this career

Degrees that lead to a career in library science include library science, library and information science, information science. A student can get their masters (which is preferred) in African Studies librarianship, archives and records management, art librarianship specialization, chemical information specialist (MIS and MLS), and music librarianship specialization (MLS). It is recommended for people who want to be in library science to get a master’s in library science or a PHD. There are 56 schools accredited by the American Library Association and it is better for someone who wants a job in the library field to get an MLS from one of those 56 schools. There are degrees within the library concentration that are specialized, for example someone can study reference, technical service or children’s services.

Specific Career openings in this field

Jobs in the field of library science include librarian, school librarian (aka library media specialist), and teacher There are also administrative positions available to people with experience in the library science field such as department head, library director or chief information officer.